MARBELLA - ITS HISTORY

Various thousands of years before christ, there were already human settlements on the Sierra Blanca Mountain in Marbella, something proven by the objects and human remains found from the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages on the mountainsides. Recent discoveries point to the fact that in the 7th Century BC there were Phoenician and Punic settlements in the Rio Real area. Rome also passed by our municipality as can be seen in the Rio Verde Roman Villa, the Guadalmina Thermal Baths and different discoveries in the Old Town of the City. From Visigoth times, we have the Vega del Mar Paleo-Christian Basilica; a singular construction with double apse, with only one similar in the whole of Spain. The first references to Marbella can be found in the geographic texts used by Muslim travelers in the Middle Ages. During the Islam period Marbella became a walled in city. The Muslims built a castle and surrounded the city with a moat with just three entrances: “From the Sea” (del Mar), “From Ronda” and “From Malaga”. The Castle remains today but the moat and the doors have disappeared.

The King Fernando the Catholic conquered Marbella on the 11th of June in 1485 and this is represented in engravings in the Choir area of the Cathedral of Toledo. After the Conquer and throughout the 16th Century, the urban structure of the town of Marbella suffered important changes. The center of the Muslim “Medina” (today the Old Town), was demolished to open the square (Main Square, Royal Square or Today “The Orange Square”) and a new street (calle Nueva) in order to communicate the square with the Puerta del Mar. (sea entrance). In those times the economic activities in our municipality was based on agriculture and livestock, although it continued to be famous from the Arab period for the sweet wines of which the British Traveler Francis Carter spoke in the 18th Century: “The Marbella wine is very good, drier and tastier that the Malaga wine and with a certain Madeira taste to it. I am sure that if it were well prepared it would be very well appreciated in England, bringing the price up and stimulating the inhabitants to take more care of their vineyards”. During the 19th Century and with the installation of the first Industrial Estates in Spain, in El Angel and in La Concepcion, in order to take advantage of all the possibilities in the Sierra Blanca Mines, Marbella began to form part of the industrialization of Malaga, becoming the second most important Industrial Province on the Peninsula.

45 years ago Marbella was an agricultural town with a mining industry and some 10.000 inhabitants. Today there are more than 100.000 inhabitants enrolled in the municipal census aside from the visitors. It was as of the 90’s when Marbella began to be recognized as a “Universal City”. The directives and political action carried out by the Mayor Jesus Gil in the last decade of the 20th Century have set important sights for the development of the city. Infrastructures, Cultural Centers, sporting installations, Municipal Offices, Golf Courses, New Avenues, Parks, etc and the encouraging of investors to the city have made Marbella a city desired by all and has brought us to be awarded with national and international prizes for the security, cleanliness and cordiality of the people.

BEACHES OF MARBELLA - COSTA DEL SOL

Marbella has 27 kilometers of coastline distributed in 24 different beaches within the municipality. Here is a list of the names and characteristics of each:

GUADALMINA BEACH

Due to where it is and its characteristics this beach is situated within the town of San Pedro de Alcantara, next to the Guadalmina urbanization, being a 1.600 m long and 30 m. wide beach with thick golden sand that is typical to this area of the Mediterranean. This beach can be qualified as a tourist beach with a medium occupation level. Different water sports can be practiced here such as windsurf, jet skiing, waterbikes, etc… Among the services offered is the four star Guadalmina Hotel, there are also two beach clubs and two “chiringuitos” (beach restaurants) with sun beds. Surrounding this beach we can find Bovedas, 3rd century historic ruins, situated within a protected archaeological area. The water is in good hygienic condition. The municipal cleaning delegation carries out the daily cleaning of the beach, both in summer and winter, manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

LINDA VISTA BEACH

With its location and characteristics it is situated close to the town of San Pedro Alcantara, next to the Linda Vista Urbanization, this beach is 550m long and 40m wide, with the same type of sand as the previous beach, so typical to this part of the Mediterranean. The beach can be classified as a tourist beach with a high occupation level and different waters ports can be practiced such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc. Among the services included on the beach are two beach clubs and a beach bar. On the northern part of the beach there is a protected archaeological settlement at which it is possible to see the Vega Del Mar Paleo Christian Basilica. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

SAN PEDRO DE ALCANTARA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in the urban area of San Pedro de Alcantara, it is a 1 km long beach and 35 m wide, made up by medium dark sand, proceeding from a regeneration project. Playa de San Pedro de Alcantara The beach can be classified as a tourist beach with a high occupation level and different waters ports can be practiced such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc. Among the services offered are a recently built promenade that goes all along the beach area. There are 6 beach restaurants with sun beds and one beach club with swimming pool, and paddle court, it also has a children’s playing area on the beach, the use of which is free. The sea is classified as being in very good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

NUEVA ANDALUCIA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics it is situated in the area of the urbanizations, next to Nueva Andalucia and close to Puerto Banus, it is 1.100m long and 30m wide, made up by fine blonde sand, typical of the Mediterranean area. It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, different water sports are practiced here such as windsurf, jet skiing, waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered there are four beach clubs with swimming pools and also six beach restaurants with sun beds. The sea is classified as being in good conditions. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

PUERTO BANUS BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated within Nueva Andalucia, to the west of Puerto Banus. It is 1 km long and 50 m wide and is made up by the typical fine blonde sand of the Mediterranean area. Playa Puerto Banus It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, different water sports are practiced here such as windsurf, jet skiing, waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered there are four beach restaurants with sun beds and the beach is surrounded by a pedestrian promenade. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

RÍO VERDE BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated within the area of the Rio Verde Urbanization, next to the river with the same name, it is a 1.200 m long beach and 30 m wide, made up by black sand that proceeds mostly from the Rio Verde River. Close by are the remains of a Hispano Roman villa from the Ist century, known as the Rio Verde Roman Villa. It is a tourist beach with a medium occupation level, different water sports are practiced here such as windsurf, jet skiing, waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered is the Coral Beach Hotel with four stars, as well as a beach club and three beach restaurants. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

EL ANCON BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics this beach is situated next to the El Ancon Urbanization. It is 900 meters long and 20 meters wide, and is made up be fine blonde medium sand, of the type that is typical to this part of the Mediterranean. It is a tourist beach with a low occupation level. Among the installations available there are two beach restaurants. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

NAGÜELES BEACH

PLAYA NAGÜELES BEACHDue to its location and characteristics this beach is situated on the Golden Mile of Marbella, next to the Marbella Club Urbanization. It is 800 meters long and some 50 meters wide, made up by blonde colored sand proceeding from a regeneration process. The beach is flanked by a promenade. It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, different water sports are practiced here such as windsurf, jet skiing, waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered are two of the most representative hotels in Marbella, the Hotel Puente Romano and the Hotel Marbella Club, both with four stars, as well as two beach clubs and a beach restaurant. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

CASA BLANCA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics this beach is situated within the urbanization area, more precisely at the Casa Blanca Urbanization. It is 2 KM long and 45 m wide, made up by regenerated blonde colored sand. The beach is flanked by a recently built promenade. PLAYA CASA BLANCA BEACH It is a tourist beach with a medium occupation level, different water sports are practiced here such as windsurf, jet skiing, waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered are six beach restaurants with sun beds. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LA FONTANILLA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated within the urban area of Marbella and is 800 m long and 30 m wide, made up by black regenerated sand. The whole beach is flanked by the pedestrian promenade and it is next to the Leisure Port in Marbella. Playa de la Fontanilla It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, different water activities are practiced here such as waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered are ten beach restaurants with sun beds. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

EL FARO BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is found situated to the West of the Leisure Port in Marbella, more concretely between the Port entrance and the breaker, in the very center of Marbella. It is 300 m long and 35 m wide and the sand is of the autochthonous type, blonde and fine. It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, different water activities are practiced here such as water-bikes, etc. Among the services offered are two beach restaurants as well as children’s games on the beaches that are free to use. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, (the Red Cross rescue base is situated in the Leisure Port) as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LA VENUS BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is found situated in urban area of Marbella, close to the Marbella Sports Port and finalizing at the limit with the Represa River, it is 500 m long and 40 meters wide, made up by black regenerated sand. Playa de la Venus beach It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, different water activities are practiced here such as waterbikes, etc. Among the services offered are three beach restaurants with sun beds, as well as children’s games on the beach that are free to use. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, a shower in an oasis, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LA BAJADILLA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in the urban area of Marbella, close to the fishing port and neighborhood. It is 700 m long and 35 m wide and is made up by medium grain black sand. It is a popular tourist beach with a high occupation level; Among the services offered are three beach restaurants with sun beds. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, a shower in an oasis, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

EL CABLE BEACH

Due to its characteristics and location, this beach is situated in a mainly un-built area, reaching from the Fishing Port to the Rio Real River, being 1.300 m long and 40 m wide, with fine golden sand. It is a tourist beach with a low occupation level, at which it is possible to practice different water sports such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc . Among the services offered are two beach restaurants with sun beds and a camping site. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has, due to its special characteristics a reduced number of showers and public toilets, these being situated close to the Fishing Port as this is where the beach restaurants are, vigilance towers, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season.

EL PINILLO BEACH

Due to its characteristics and location, this beach is situated in a semi-urban area, next to the Los Monteros Urbanization. It is 1.500m long and 30m wide, with golden sand forming natural dunes. It can be classified as being a tourist beach with a low occupation level, situated in an area with large houses and green areas, with a medium density of population. It has a beach restaurant. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has, due to its special characteristics a reduced number of services, it does however have life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LOS MONTEROS BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is in a semi-urban area, next to the Bahia de Marbella Urbanization, with 2 km in length and 50 m width. It is made up by fine golden sand, very typical of a sand dune area, and the beaches are rock free with shallow waters. It is a tourist beach with a high occupation level, at which it is possible to practice different water sports such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc . Among the services offered is the Los Monteros Hotel with four stars as well as two beach restaurants and a beach club. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

ALICATE BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in a semi-urban area, surrounded by urbanizations with low buildings. It is 1.900 m long and 35 m wide, and is made up by fine golden sand of the dune type. It can be qualified as a tourist beach with a medium occupation level. Different water sports such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc . Among the installations we find the Pinomar Hotel, as well as 11 beach bars and a beach club. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, a vigilance tower, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

REAL DE ZARAGOZA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in a semi urban area, next to the Real de Zaragoza Urbanization. It is 1.800 m long and 50 m wide, made up by fine golden san of the dune type. The beach can be qualified as a tourist beach with a medium occupation level, and it is possible to practice water sports here, such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc. Among the installations we find seven beach restaurants with sun beds as well as the five star, Don Carlos Hotel. The sea is classified as being in good condition. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LA VIBORA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in a semi urban area, next to the river of the same name. It is 650 m long and 35 m wide, made up by fine golden dune type sand, typical to the area. The beach can be qualified as a tourist beach with a medium occupation level, and it is possible to practice water sports here, such as windsurf, waterbikes, jet skiing, etc. Among the installations, we find two beach restaurants and a beach club. The sea is classified as being in good conditions. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LAS CHAPAS BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in a semi urban area, next to the urbanization of the same name. It is 1.000m long and 40 m wide and is made up by fine golden, dune type sand. The beach can be classified as being a tourist beach with a medium occupation level. Among the installations, we find a camp site, as well as four beach restaurants. The sea is classified as being in good conditions. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

ELVIRIA LA ROMANA BEACH

A tourist beach with a medium occupation level. This beach, within 2 km from from Elviria Hills, is located between the Don Carlos Hotel and the Romana Playa hotel, 35 m wide and is made up by fine golden, dune type sand. The sea is classified as being in good conditions. One very good beach restaurant: El Laurel (tel.95.283.49.34) with a parking ‘at the beach’. Equipment and services: this beach has sunshades, waterbikes and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

LAS CAÑAS BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in a semi-urban area, next to the Marbesa Urbanization. It is 1.200 m long and 10 m wide and is a narrow beach that has been slightly deteriorated by storms. Fine golden sand and stones make it up. It can be classified as a tourist beach with a low occupation level. Among the installations available there are five beach restaurants, three with sun beds. The sea is classified as being in VERY GOOD conditions. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically.

ARTOLA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated in a protected sand dune area, known as LAS DUNAS DE ARTOLA, next to the Cabopino Leisure Port. It is 1.500 m long and 25 m wide, made up by fine sand from the dunes. This beach is a naturist beach, with a medium occupation level,its the favorite beach of Trinett . Within the beach is one of the prettiest Leisure Ports on the Costa del Sol, the port of Cabopino, as well as three beach restaurants and a camp site. Sailing artifacts and waterbikes are available to be rented. The sea is classified as being in good conditions. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets.

CALAHONDA BEACH

Due to its location and characteristics, this beach is situated on the Eastern limit of the municipality of Marbella. It is 900 m long and 30 m wide, made up by fine blonde sand. The beach is classified as a tourist beach with a low occupation level. Among the services available is a beach restaurant with sun beds. The sea is classified as being in good conditions. The municipal cleaning service carries out the daily maintenance of the beach both manually and mechanically. Equipment and services: this beach has showers and public toilets, life saving and first aid equipment, as well as being watched over by life guards in the summer season

MARBELLA FIESTAS - TRADITIONAL FESTIVE DAYS

FAIR & FIESTAS OF SAINT BERNABÉ

A fiesta and fair held in honor of the Patron Saint of the city, San Bernabé, held in the week surrounding the 11th of June and that commemorated the conquest of the city by the Catholic Kings in the year 1485. During this week the residents and visitors enjoy all the enchantment an Andalusian charm of one of the most implanted Fairs on the Costa del Sol. During the day, the Old Town and the Alameda Park are an obliged meeting point for the multitudes (mostly wearing typical dress) who stroll around the streets, enjoying “tapas”, drinking, singing and dancing non stop. Once night falls, the fun continues at the Fair Ground until early hours of the morning. The “casetas”, the “rides”, the concerts and many other offers that are available close each of the days that make up this traditional and picturesque fair.

FAIR & FIESTAS OF SAN PEDRO DE ALCÁNTARA

The San Pedro fair is held on the week surrounding the 19th of October, the day of the Patron Saint. The central streets of San Pedro are adorned to receive the visitors who come from all over the province and the whole country, addicted to this fiesta, the tradition of which surpassed the Municipal boundaries. The day fair and the night fair (at the Fair Ground) are proof of the good will and color offered by the people of San Pedro to all those who visit her.

FIESTA OF THE VIRGEN DEL CARMEN

One week before the 16th of July, a mass is held in the Chapel in the Fishing Port and the choir from the participating brotherhood sings. In this Chapel are the statues of the Virgin of the City and the Virgin of the Seas, who are taken out every year for this celebration and taken to an underwater cave some 12 meters deep in front of the Mine Posts on the El Cable beach. At the end of the act a Gold Anchor is awarded to the eldest retired fisherman.

Carmen Virgin of the SeasThis fiesta of the ‘Virgin del Carmen’ is a tradition among the fishermen in which the people of Marbella have participated for many years and which finishes on the 16th of July, (the Festivity of the Virgin). On the 16th a sea faring procession is held in which the Virgin of the Seas leaves the Fishing Port to go to Puerto Banus and then return to the Fishing Port. Numerous boats, all done up for the occasion, always accompany the Virgin. Later in the afternoon the procession is once again brought to land and the Virgin is returned to the Chapel until the next year.

ROMERÍA OF THE JUANAR CROSS

During this hundred year old traditional fiesta, the romeros (participants) go by foot to the “Cruz de Juanar” (Juanar top altitude 1.160 m) situated in the middle of the Sierra Blanca Mountain. Held on the 3rd of May.

 

 

 

ROMERÍA OF SAINT BERNABÉ

Within the selection of Patron Saint Festivities, (held in June), you find this traditional Romeria. The “romeros” travel by ox driven carts, horses and carriages or walking… to good food, wine, dancing and all the signs of hospitality offered by the people of Marbella on such a special day.

 

 

 

 

FIESTA DEL TOSTÓN

Held on the 1st of November, this is a very traditional party in the City of Marbella, and is the perfect excuse to go out into the countryside with family and friends. It is fundamental that all take chestnuts along to later roast them. Lately young people have started to participate in large numbers, normally taking tents and sleeping at the site the night before. Local Police, Municipal Services and Civil Protection make sure that all is safe and that the party, that takes place in different parts of the Municipality, comes to a good end.

MARBELLA - BUILDINGS OF INTEREST

The LADRONES tower This is one of the first Almenara towers to be found within the Municipality of Marbella coming from the Malaga direction. It is situated close to the port of Cabopino and the projections or machicolations known in Spanish as Ladroneras and therefore the name of the same. The tower was most probably built in the Muslim period, due to the shape, the materials used and the way in which the beams have been laid. The building is a cone shape, some 3,65 m in width and 14,60 m high, distributed inside in 3 rooms and a terrace. The Town Hall is actually planning the rebuilding.

The LANCE DE LAS CAÑAS TURRET Situated in the area of Las Chapas (Marbesa Urbanization), you find this turret with a war like vocation. It is a considerable size for a turret (10,85 m high and 53,53 m wide, in the shape of a hove, due to the central floor in the shape of a elongated circle, with two slanted buttresses at the back). The turret dates back to the second half of the 16th century and the materials used are rubble masonry with adornments and brick corners. The interior is divided into two storeys and an attic where the artillery was stored; the entrance is situated on the right hand buttress at some six meters from the ground.

The TORRE REAL tower Situated on the right hand margin of the Rio Real river, the name of which it seems goes back to the time when the Catholic Kings, after having conquered the city, settled in the area. It seems that the building dates back to the 16th century, due to the materials used and the trunk shape of the building. It is 10,85 m high and 7 m wide at the base and 5,25 m at the top. It is built in stone with mortar and the entrance is some 6,5 m from the ground.

The ANCÓN tower Situated at the height of the beginning of the road to Istán, it seems that the name is due to a word that is no longer used, meaning (small path) and is most probably the scenery on which the tower was originally built. There are no references as to the date in which the tower was built although it was most probably in the Christian era. It is trunk shapes and the materials used are stone and mortar and the dimensions are: 11,90 m; 7,40 in diameter at the base and 5,20 m at the top with the entrance at some 6,90 m from the floor.

The TORRE DEL DUQUE tower This tower is to be found next to the main entrance to Puerto Banus (at the key) and it seems that the name is due to the Duke of Cadiz and Arcos, Don Rodrigo Ponce de Leon, who was councilor to the Catholic Kings. Its shape and the techniques used to build it allow us to confirm that this is a Muslim tower. It is shaped like a prism, built in stone and brick, being 10 m high and 4,20 m wide. The door is 7,20 m from the ground.

The TORRE DE LAS BÓVEDAS tower The construction of this tower dates back to the Christian era (16th century), built to store the artillery. It is situated close to the “Las Bovedas” Roman Baths, the tower is trunk-cone shaped, although less sloped than some of the previously mentioned towers, the materials used to build it are based on rubble masonry. The tower is 13 m high and 8,30 m wide at the base; the entrance is 6,75 meters from the ground.

PLAZA DE LOS NARANJOS (The ORANGE SQUARE) This square was built after Marbella was conquered by the King Fernando the Catholic in 1.485, being an imitation of the those already existing in the Castilian Cities although in this case without arcades. Within the square one can find the Town Hall, the Jail House, the Santiago Hermitage, the chief magistrates building, the Public Granary and the Corn Exchange. you can also find a fountain in the square that was built in the year 1704

TOWN HALL According to the inscription on the facade, the Chief Magistrate, Juan de Pisa in the year 1568, ordered the construction of the building. There are also other commemorative plaques with references to the water collection, the enlargement of the building with the construction the forged iron balcony, destined for the authorities to be able to watch the festivities held in the square. Inside the building you would highlight the Mudéjar Arms situated in the Commission Room (Ancient Capitol) and the paintings in the Temple within the Hall of Justice in which one can see Felipe the Seconds’ Shields, as youll as other symbols allusive to justice and religion.

LA ERMITA DE SANTIAGO This is the most ancient religious construction in the city, dating back to the 15th century, after the conquest of Marbella. It is a simple building as it has one sole room, in a box shape.. It is actually the headquarters of the Santisimo Cristo Del Amor, Maria Santisima de la Caridad and San Juan Evangelista Brotherhoods.

The CHIEF MAGISTRATES HOUSE Built in 1552, the stone facade of the building is to be highlighted due to the Gothic-Mudéjar styles mixed with Renaissance styles. The house forms part of the architectonic style of the Orange Square.

The SANTÍSIMA TRINIDAD CONVENT Situated in the Viento Street, the convent originally occupied the whole block up the actual Church Square. The building of this commenced at the end of the 15th century and was royally founded. The monks that originally occupied the convent youre assistants at the Encarnación or Bazán Hospital. The interior part of the convent conserves the cloister with interesting columns and a Gothic style Chapel.

The REAL DE LA MISERICORDIA O DE SAN JUAN DE DIOS HOSPITAL Situated in the San Juan de Dios street, the construction that has been royally founded dates back to the 16th century. It was initially built to help passers by in need. The building combines renaissance, Gothic and Mudéjar elements. you would highlight the elaborated stone entrance, the wooden door with the royal shield, and that of the San Juan de Dios Order and the roof of the chapel with its interesting Mudéjar Armour. It is actually the headquarter for the ‘Nuestro Padre Jesus a su entrada en Jerusalén’, and Maria Santisima de la Paz brotherhoods.

PALACE OR “HOSPITAL DE LA ENCARNACIÓN” OR “DE BAZÁN” Situated on the Hospital Bazán street, it seems to have been built in the 16th century over 3 Arab homes making the rooms asymmetrical. Renaissance, Gothic and Mudejar elements have been combined in the construction of the same. In ancient times it was the home of Don Alonso de Bazan, Mayor of Castillo and Perpetual Regent of the city. Reformed and conditioned with great taste, it is presently used ad the Museum for Contemporary Spanish Engravings, considered to be one of the best in the world by critics.

IGLESIA NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA ENCARNACIÓN church
The initial dating of the church goes back to 150; It began to be built in 1618, although the actual building was constructed at the beginning of the 18th century. The structure is a basilic type with three naves in Baroque style. The portal is stone and is Rococo style. Inside and in the part destined to the choir, you would highlight the Sol Mayor Organ, considered to be one of the most important to have been built in Spain in the past 125 years.

The MIRAFLORES FARMHOUSE In the year 1706, Don Tomás Francisco Dominguez y Godoy built a country house on a plot known as the Prado de San Francisco. As youll as building the lodging areas, he also provided the house with an oil and sugar mill. The building underwent various modifications and enlargements over the years until in the first half of the 19th Century Don Antonio Dominguez Albuquerque finally shaped the house as what it is today, and it was precisely in those years when the building began to be known as the Cortijo de Miraflores. After having been abandoned for many years, the actual municipal team is now finishing the rebuilding and conditioning of the house in order for it to become an exhibition hall and an area for other types of cultural activities, among which it will be possible to see how the ancient system worked to extract oil from the olive.

The SANTO CRISTO church Considered to be one of the most ancient Christian buildings in Marbella, the construction of the same dates back to the 16th century although the building was enlarged in the 18th and a camarin tower was added. The church has one sole nave and inside you would highlight the choir area, which stands at the foot of a Toscana column that plunges into the baptismal pool situated underneath.

The CALVARIO HERMITAGE Situated next to the church and the parish with the same name, this simple building from the 18th century is situated on a small Hill known also with the name of El Calvario. It is a single roomed building although it has another small room next to it that at some point in time served as home to a hermit. The arched doorway with a pointed top opens among the moulds and are all crowned with an ocelot. To the right of the facade is a small rectangular entrance with a half pointed archway with a concave and convex finish.

MARBELLA - 'MUSTS TO SEE'

Marbella offers a never-ending list of places of natural beauty mixing with avenues, parks, botanic gardens, the promenade and leisure areas that will make your stay more enjoyable than could ever have imagined. Please find a brief description of some of these places that make Marbella so unique.

PUERTO BANÚS Many have defined the port as the pennant of the Mediterranean and of Marbella. Taking a walk along the port you will have the chance to see some of the most impressive yachts in the world and you may also be overtaken by some of the latest models (girls and cars) from all over the world. The good-looking people, the famous stroll around Banus in a relaxed way, enjoying the magnificent restaurants that surround the port. The small streets inside the port are crowded with pubs and discotheques that contrast with the new avenues, squares and Commercial Centers with a large garden area (in front of Cristamar). From Marbella center we can access Puerto Banus by road along the ‘Golden Mile’, (10 minutes San Pedro direction), or by sea, as there are boats that carry passengers from the Leisure Port in Marbella to Puerto Banus regularly and at moderate prices.

JARDÍN EL ANGEL (THE EL ANGEL GARDENS) Leaving Marbella in Istan direction, and situated in the El Angle Colony (in front of the Aloha College), we find one of the most complete botanic gardens on the Costa del Sol, which can be visited day and night as it is very well lit. In the 15.000 m2 of gardens we will be able to differentiate three different styles of vegetable species. There is the “Jardin del Crucero” the “Jardin Romantico” and the “Jardin Tropical”. All are blended in the same area and communicated by a network of little paths along which the visitor can stroll peacefully.

AVENIDA DEL MAR (THE SEA AVENUE) In the center of the city (between the Alameda Park and the Promenade) we find one of the most relevant works to have been carried out in these past few years. What used to be an abandoned park in deplorable conditions has become a promenade and a resting area (with underground parking), studded with the most complete collection of sculptures by Salvador Dali, bought by the Marbella Town Hall during the Mayor GIL Government. The marble floors (always kept clean and shiny) makes the Avenida del Mar one of the most beautiful parts of Marbella.

PASEO MARÍTIMO (PROMENADE) What initially seemed a dream that covered a few kilometers of coast has become one of the busiest areas in Marbella, running along the coast, from Banana Beach (El Cable) to Puerto Banus. Seven kilometers with marble floors overlooking the sea make taking a stroll a very enjoyable thing, joggers, skaters and women like Trinett take short stops along the way to enjoy the culinary delicacies offered at the numerous “Chiringuitos” to be found along the route.

THE ARROYO DE LA REPRESA PARK One of the first works to be carried out by the former Mayor Jesús Gil, was this park which is two kilometers long and half a kilometer wide. The small river bed that has now been walled in (once totally full of dirt and a rats nest) has become a marvelous park in which there are numerous artificial lakes, sports areas, children’s park and the famous Bonsai Museum; surrounded by large stone walls that make the whole combination all the more beautiful.

PARQUE DE LA CONSTITUCIÓN (CONSTITUTION PARK) In the very center of the city we can find one of the most beautiful and peaceful parts of Marbella. With thick vegetation, a children’s park, a small astronomic observatory and with benches throughout, this park is the ideal resting place for all those looking for a little peace. Inside we find the auditorium with room for 600 people (all seated). This is a very beautiful work and throughout the whole year there are shows offered that vary from opera to theater, choirs, concerts offering all types of music and never-ending cultural events that give this area the prestige that it has acquired throughout these past years with above all the “Cultural Summers”, that surpass that offered in any other European Capital.

MARBELLA WEATHER

Climate
Among the ‘Marbellís’ (Marbella’s citizens), the conglomerate of foreign residents and tourists, Marbella’s rumoured ‘micro-climate’ is a fact. It renders an average temperature of 19º C throughout the year. Sheltered by the high peaks of the Sierra Blanca (Marbella, 1.215 m and Juanar 1.160 m) the climate of Marbella is supposedly more soothing than in any other neighbouring location. Winters are mild with relatively little precipitation and summers are warm without being suffocating.
It only rains occasionally from November thru March (the rain being insignificant the rest of the year), the wind blows frequently from the East and the weather is sunny more than 320 days a year.

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Day
T. °C
12 13 14 16 19 22 24 25 23 16 15 13
Sea
T. ºC
14 14 15 15 16 17 20 21 21 18 18 15
Sun
hrs
6 7 6 7 9 11 11 11 8 7 6 6
Sun
days
26 23 24 26 28 28 31 31 27 27 23 26
Days
rain
5 5 7 4 3 2 0 0 3 4 7 5
Rain
(mm)
84 76 58 41 23 13 3 5 15 56 114 97

Data
Marbella county covers a total area of 114.3 sq km and 27 km along the beaches.
It comprises several important urban sites: Marbella, San Pedro de Alcántara, Puerto Banús, Nueva Andalucia and Las Chapas, as well as several suburbs. According to recent data, the population amounted to 106’856 voting people.
Marbella is surrounded by Estepona, Benahavís, Istán, Ojén and Mijas.

Fauna and Flora
The land is rich in cork oaks, oaks, pines, fig trees, chestnuts, carob trees and, of course, olive trees. It is not that abundant in its fauna, although Hispanic goats, foxes, rabbits and Mediterranean partridges can be found. The sea offers a wide variety of species, such as sardines, hinds, porgies, saurels, red mullets, as well as mussels, clams, etc.

Rivers
Water courses run mainly short distances and flow straight into the Mediterranean sea. The most important ones are the Guadalmina, Gaidaiza, Verde y Real. There are also lots of little streams that have been sometimes grounded by the town. The Concepción reservoir (able to hold approximately 56 hm3), and several other dams (Pantano Nuevo, Viejo y Medranas) complete the hydrographic scenario.

Location
Marbella lies at 36º 30′ 34” latitude North and 1º 11′ 46” longitude West. Approximately 25 m high above sea level.